How Australia was born
Hey Sparkles! Happy Monday! For today’s Monday Moment post, I am writing about how Australia was born, on this day in 1787.
The idea for Australia was introduced by scientist, botanist, and cook Joseph Banks, who had been there when James Cook discovered “Botany Bay” – now part of Sydney, 7 years prior.
Joseph Banks suggested that Botany Bay could become a penal colony for convicts. So, on May 13, 1787, a fleet of eleven ships sailed from Portsmouth with about 750 convicts on board. Of course, not all of them made it during the 8 month journey. There are said to be 100 deaths and 20 births aboard the ship.
When they arrived, they discovered Botany Bay was not good for settling. The soil was too dry and there was no fresh water available. So they went north and found Sydney Bay, which the captain of the ship, Arthur Philip, named after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, the British Home Secretary of the day.
The convicts sent with this first load were mainly pickpockets, or poor people who had been forced to steal to survive. But, there were no murderers, so the colony began to grow peacefully.
They had to work very hard in unusually hot weather, that they were unused to back in England. But, they did the work and soon the city of Sydney began to thrive.
Well, there you have it, Sparkles. Now you know how Australia was founded. It was a penal colony that eventually became a British colony, then its own country. What did you think, Sparkles? Tell me in the comments below. Thanks for reading, and Sparkles away!